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High 60+ OOPs Interview Questions in 2022

OOPs Interview Questions and Answers 2022

An object-oriented programming system or OOPs is a pc programming mannequin that designs or arranges software program for knowledge, or extra particularly, objects quite than features and logic. Oops, have been an vital idea within the realm of programming. You probably have an interview lined up that requires core data of OOPs, then you might be on the proper place. This OOPs interview questions article will assist you already know the totally different questions you would possibly face in an interview. It can additionally assist you land a job in one of many following job roles: C++ Developer, Principal Software program Developer, Python Developer, Golang Engineer, and extra. So, brace your self with an abundance of information coming your means, and ensure to put it to use to create a agency grasp on OOPs fundamentals.

High 10 OOPs Interview Questions in 2022

Nice Studying has ready an inventory of the highest 10 OOPs interview questions which can be incessantly requested within the interview:

This weblog is additional divided into 3 totally different sections, they’re :

Primary OOPs Interview Questions

1. What’s OOPs?

Programmers can use objects to signify real-world circumstances due to object-oriented programming. Any entity with states and behaviours is an object. Whereas strategies outline an merchandise’s behaviours, states replicate the traits or knowledge of an entity. Objects embody college students, employees, books, and many others. By exchanging messages, this stuff talk with each other. A category can be a template for constructing an object. A category is required in an effort to generate objects. As an example, there must be an Worker class in an effort to generate an Worker object.

2. Distinction between Procedural programming and OOPs?

Procedural Programming Oops
Procedural Programming is predicated on features. Object-oriented programming is predicated on real-world objects.
It exhibits the information to your complete program. It encapsulates the information.
It doesn’t have a scope for code reuse. It offers extra scope for code reuse.
It follows the idea of top-down programming. It follows a bottom-up programming paradigm.
The character of the language is difficult. It’s simpler in nature, so it’s simpler to change, lengthen and preserve.
It’s arduous to change, lengthen and preserve the code.

3. Why use OOPs?

Programming with OOP allows you to package deal collectively knowledge states and performance to alter these knowledge states whereas maintaining the specifics secret (Think about the analogy of a automotive, you possibly can solely see the steering of the automotive whereas driving, the circuitry behind it’s hidden from you). Because of this, OOP design produces versatile, modular, and summary code. Due to this, it is vitally useful for creating bigger applications. Utilizing courses and objects, you might embody OOP into your code. The objects you assemble can have the states and capabilities of the category to which they belong.

4. What are the essential ideas of OOPs?

The fundamental ideas of OOPs are:

  • Inheritance
  • Encapsulation
  • Polymorphism
  • Abstraction

5. What’s Encapsulation?

Encapsulation can be part of the OOPs idea. It refers back to the bundling of information with the strategies that function on that knowledge. It additionally helps to limit any direct entry to a few of an object’s parts.

6. What’s Abstraction?

Abstraction is an OOPs idea to construct the construction of real-world objects. It “exhibits” solely important attributes and “hides” pointless info from the surface. The primary focus of abstraction is to cover pointless particulars from the customers. It is among the most vital ideas of OOPs.

7. What’s methodology overloading?

There’s a idea the place two or extra strategies can have the identical identify. However they need to have totally different parameters, totally different numbers of parameters, differing types, or each. These strategies are generally known as overloaded strategies and this function is known as methodology overloading

8. What’s methodology overriding?

Methodology overriding is an idea of object-oriented programming.

It’s a language function that enables a subclass or baby class to offer a selected implementation of a methodology which is already offered by one in every of its superclasses or mother or father courses.

9. Kinds of Inheritance in OOPS

Various kinds of inheritances in OOps are as follows:

  • Single Inheritance
  • A number of Inheritance
  • Multi-level Inheritance
  • Multi-path Inheritance
  • Hierarchical Inheritance
  • Hybrid Inheritance
types of inheritance

10. What are the principle options of OOPs?

The primary options of OOPs are given as follows:

  • In OOP, you mix the code into one unit so you possibly can specify the parameters of every piece of information. This strategy of wrapping up knowledge right into a single unit is known as encapsulation. 
  • By utilizing courses, you possibly can generalise your object varieties and make your utility simpler to make use of. That is termed as an abstraction.
  • The power for a category to inherit traits and behaviours from one other class permits for extra code reuse.
  • Polymorphism permits for the creation of a number of objects from a single, adaptable class of code.

11. Is it potential to name the bottom class methodology with out creating an occasion?

Sure, we will probably name the bottom class methodology with out creating an occasion within the following 3 instances:

  1. If the tactic is static
  2. Calling the inherited methodology inside a derived class
  3. Calling the tactic utilizing the bottom key phrase from the sub-classes

The most well-liked case is that of the static strategies.

12. What are the restrictions of OOPs?

Following are a few of the frequent limitations of OOPs:

  • Dimension exceeds that of different applications.
  • It took plenty of work to make, and it runs extra slowly than different applications.
  • It’s inappropriate for sure varieties of points.
  • It takes some getting used to.

13. What are constructors?

The constructor has the identical identify as the category.
A constructor can be a particular sort of methodology. It’s used to initialize objects of the category.

14. Kinds of constructor

Kinds of constructors depend on languages

  • Personal Constructor
  • Default Constructor
  • Copy Constructor
  • Static Constructor
  • Parameterized Constructor
Types of constructor

15. What’s the distinction between a category and a construction?

Class: Class is principally a Consumer-defined blueprint from which objects are created. It consists of strategies ( set of directions) which can be carried out on the objects.

Construction: A construction can be a user-defined assortment of variables. Buildings are additionally totally different knowledge varieties.

A user-defined class serves format or blueprint from which objects will be constructed. In essence, a category is made up of fields generally known as attributes and strategies generally known as member features that outline actions. A construction is a grouping of variables of assorted knowledge sorts below one heading.

16. What are the entry modifiers?

Entry modifiers or entry specifiers are the key phrases in object-oriented languages.  It helps to set the accessibility of coursesstrategies, and different members.

17. What languages come below the oops idea?

Simula is named the primary object-oriented
programming language, the most well-liked OOP languages are:

  • Java
  • JavaScript
  • Python
  • C++
  • Visible Primary
  • .NET
  • Ruby
  • Scala
  • PHP

Try the OOPs idea in Python Video.

18. What’s inheritance?

Every time one class is derived from one other, it’s known as inheritance. The kid class will inherit all the mother or father class’s public and guarded properties and strategies. Aside from the attributes and strategies inherited from the mother or father class, it could even have its personal further set of options. The’ extends’ key phrase is used to specify an inherited class.

In case you derive a  class from one other class that is named inheritance. The kid class will inherit all the general public and guarded properties and strategies from the mother or father class. The kid class may also have its personal properties and strategies. An inherited class is outlined by utilizing the extends key phrase.

What is inheritance

19. What’s hybrid inheritance?

The kind of inheritance shaped by the mixture of various kinds of inheritances like single, a number of inheritances, and many others. is assessed as hybrid inheritance.

20. What’s hierarchical inheritance?

Within the case of a hierarchical inheritance, a number of subclasses inherit from a mother or father class. Hierarchical inheritance is a kind of inheritance wherein a number of courses are descended from a single mother or father or base class. For instance, the fruit class can have ‘apple’, ’mango’, ’banana’, ‘cherry’ and many others. as its subclasses.

21. What are the restrictions of inheritance?

It Will increase the execution effort and time. It additionally requires leaping forwards and backwards between totally different courses. The mother or father class and the kid class are all the time tightly coupled. Afford modifications in this system would require modifications for the mother or father and the kid’s class. Inheritance requires cautious implementation in any other case it will result in incorrect outcomes.

22. What’s a superclass?

A superclass is a category from which a subclass or baby class is derived. Base class and mother or father class are different names for a superclass. For instance, if Scholar is a category derived from the Particular person class, then the Particular person class might be known as the superclass.

A superclass or base class can be a category that works as a mother or father to another class/ courses.

For instance, the Car class is a superclass of sophistication Bike.

23. What’s a subclass?

A category that derives from one other class is known as a subclass. A subclass inherits the properties of its ancestors or mother or father courses. For instance, the category Bike is a subclass or a by-product of the Car class.

24. What’s Polymorphism?

Polymorphism is among the most used and core ideas in OOP languages. It explains the idea of various courses can be utilized with the identical interface. Every of those courses can have its personal implementation of the interface. 

25. What’s static polymorphism?

In OOP, static polymorphism determines which methodology to name at compile time. For a similar set off with static polymorphism, the article would possibly reply in a different way. Operate, constructor and operator overloading are examples of static polymorphism.

26. What’s dynamic polymorphism?

Dynamic polymorphism is a technique or course of that handles a name to an overridden methodology throughout runtime quite than at compile time. It’s also known as dynamic methodology dispatch or runtime polymorphism. Utilizing methodology overriding, we will create dynamic polymorphism. An instance of runtime polymorphism: is methodology overriding.

27. What’s operator overloading?

The user-defined knowledge kind is given a particular that means by the operator utilizing operator overloading. It’s a compile-time polymorphism.

28. Differentiate between overloading and overriding.

When two or extra strategies in the identical class have the identical identify however totally different parameters, that is known as overloading. The strategy of utilizing the identical methodology signature, i.e., identify and parameters, in each the superclass and the kid class is named overriding.

Differentiate between overloading and overriding

29. What’s encapsulation?

Encapsulation is used to wrap the information and the code which works in a single unit collectively. Instance: Encapsulation permits data-hiding as the information laid out in one class is hidden from different courses.

30. What’s the distinction between public, personal and guarded entry modifiers?

what is the difference between public, private and protected access modifiers

31. What’s knowledge abstraction?

Information abstraction is among the most vital options of OOPs. It solely permits vital info to be displayed. It helps to cover the implementation particulars.

For instance, whereas utilizing a cellular, you already know, how will you message or name somebody however you don’t know the way it truly occurs.

That is knowledge abstraction because the implementation particulars are hidden from the consumer.

32. Methods to obtain knowledge abstraction?

Information abstraction will be achieved utilizing two methods:

  • Summary class
  • Summary methodology

33. What’s an summary class?

An summary class can be a category which is consists of summary strategies.

So what’s an summary methodology?

These strategies are principally declared however not outlined and If these strategies have to be used later in some subclass that point these strategies must be solely outlined within the subclass.

34. Differentiate between knowledge abstraction and encapsulation.

Differentiate between data abstraction and encapsulation

35. What are digital features?

Digital features are additionally a part of the features that are current within the mother or father class and they’re overridden by the subclass. These features assist to realize runtime polymorphism.

36. What’s a destructor?

A destructor is a technique that is known as mechanically when an object is destroyed.

The destructor additionally recovers the heap house which was allotted to the destroyed object. It additionally begin closing the recordsdata and database connections of the article, and many others.

37. What’s a replica constructor?

By copying the members of an present object, the copy constructor initialises the members of a newly shaped object. The argument for the copy constructor is a reference to an object of the identical class. Programmers have the choice of immediately defining the copy constructor. The compiler defines the copy constructor if the programmer doesn’t.

38. What’s using ‘finalize’?

Finalize is used to free the unmanaged sources and in addition assist to scrub earlier than Rubbish Assortment(GC). It performs reminiscence administration duties.

39. What’s Rubbish Assortment(GC)?

Programming languages like C# and Java embody rubbish assortment (GC) as a reminiscence restoration mechanism. A programming language that helps rubbish assortment (GC) accommodates a number of GC engines that mechanically launch reminiscence house that has been reserved for issues the applying is not utilizing.

40. What’s a ultimate variable?

A ultimate variable can solely obtain one express initialization. A reference variable that has been marked as ultimate is unchangeable in its object reference. The information included within the object, nevertheless, will be modified. Because of this, whereas the article’s state will be altered, its reference can not.

41. What’s an exception?

An exception is a sort of message that interrupts and comes up when there is a matter with the traditional execution of a program. Exceptions present an error and switch it to the exception handler to resolve it. The state of this system is saved as quickly as an exception is raised.

42. What’s exception dealing with?

Exception dealing with in Object-Oriented Programming is a very powerful idea. It’s used to handle errors. An exception handler assist to throw errors after which catch the error in an effort to remedy them.

43. What’s the distinction between an error and an exception?

What is the difference between an error and an exception

44. What’s a strive/ catch block?

The phrases “strive” and “catch” describe find out how to deal with exceptions introduced on by coding or knowledge errors whereas a program is working. The part of code the place exceptions happen is known as a strive block. Exceptions from strive blocks are caught and dealt with in a catch block.

45. What’s a lastly block?

Lastly designates the part of code that works with the strive key phrase. It specifies code that’s all the time executed earlier than the tactic is completed, instantly behind the attempt to any catch blocks. No matter whether or not an exception is thrown or caught, the lastly block is all the time executed.

46. Are you able to name the bottom class methodology with out creating an occasion?

Sure, you might be allowed to name the bottom class with out instantiating it however there are some circumstances which can be relevant:

  • If it’s a static methodology
  • The bottom class is inherited by another subclass

47. What’s the distinction between OOP and SOP?

The important thing distinction between structured and object-oriented programming is that the previous permits for the creation of applications utilizing a set of modules or features, while the latter permits for the development of applications utilizing a set of objects and their interactions.

Object-oriented programming includes ideas of objects and courses. All the pieces is taken into account as an object which has particular properties and behaviours that are represented in a category. Object-oriented programming offers encapsulation and abstraction within the code. Ex: – Java Programming language.

Construction-oriented programming includes the ideas of features and buildings. All the pieces is taken into account performance and buildings, represented utilizing features—Ex: – C Programming language.

48. What’s the distinction between a category and an object?

Any real-world entity is known as an object. The item has particular properties and behaviours, and the same kind of objects having related options and behaviours are grouped as a category. Therefore, Class is a blueprint of objects, and an object is an occasion of a category.

Ex: -   
1. An Animal is a category, and cat, canine, and many others., are objects with frequent properties like identify, kind, and customary behaviors like talking, strolling, working, and many others. 

2. Cell is a category, and Nokia, moto, iPhone, and many others., are objects with frequent properties like modal_no, colour, and many others., and customary behaviors like audio_calling, video_calling, music, and many others.

49. What are ‘entry specifiers’?

Entry specifiers are the key phrases in any programming language used to specify the Class’s, methodology’s, interface’s and variable’s behaviour regarding its accessibility. The entry specifiers in C++ Programming are public, personal, and guarded.

50. Are you able to create an occasion of an summary class?

No, an occasion of the Summary class can’t be created. To implement the summary Class, summary strategies, the Summary Class ought to be prolonged by one other class, and the article of the implementation class will be created.

OOPs Interview Questions for Skilled

51. What’s an interface?

An interface is a user-defined knowledge kind and is a set of summary strategies. A category implements an interface, thereby inheriting the summary strategies of the interface. A category describes an object’s attributes and behaviours, and an interface accommodates behaviours {that a} class implements. The Class represents “how,” and the interface represents “what’.

52. What are pure digital features?

A pure digital operate/methodology is a operate whose implementations are usually not offered within the base class, and solely a declaration is offered. The pure digital operate can have its implementation code within the derived class; in any other case, the derived class can even be thought-about an summary Class. The Class containing pure digital features is summary.

53. Differentiate between a category and a way.

A category is a blueprint of objects, and it consists of the properties and behavior of the objects.

Strategies are programming constructs that carry out particular duties/behaviour.

54.  Differentiate between an summary class and an interface?

An interface can have solely summary strategies, however an Summary class can have summary and non-abstract strategies.

The interface ought to be used if simply the requirement specification is understood and nothing about implementation. If the implementation is understood, however partially, then an summary class ought to be used. If the implementation is understood fully, then a concrete Class ought to be used.

55. What are the restrictions of OOPs?

  1. Bigger Program dimension – Packages can grow to be prolonged if written utilizing OOps ideas in comparison with procedure-oriented programming.
  2. Slower execution – Because the variety of traces of code to be executed is extra comparatively, the execution time can be extra.
  3. Not appropriate for every type of Issues.
  4. Testing time can be greater for OOP Options.

56. What are the traits of an summary class?

  1. A category having not less than one pure digital operate is known as an Summary class.
  2. An Summary class can not have objects created, i.e., an summary class can’t be instantiated, however Object references will be created.
  3. An Summary class can have non-abstract features and pure digital features additionally.
  4. The pure digital operate can have its implementation code within the derived class; in any other case, the derived class can even be thought-about an summary Class

57. What’s constructor chaining?

Constructor chaining is a technique to name one constructor from one other regarding a present object reference. It may be achieved in two methods: –

  1. Utilizing the “this” key phrase, the reference will be made to the constructor within the present class.
  2. To name the constructor from the bottom class “tremendous” key phrase might be used.

58. What’s Coupling in OOP, and why is it useful?

The diploma of dependency between the parts is known as coupling.

Kinds of Coupling

A. Tight Coupling – If the dependency between parts is excessive, these parts are referred to as tightly coupled.

Ex: –

Beneath three Lessons are extremely depending on one another therefore they’re tightly coupled.

class P
static int a = Q.j;
class Q
static int j = R.methodology();
class R
public static int methodology(){
return 3;

B.  Unfastened Coupling – If the dependency between parts is low, it’s referred to as unfastened coupling. Unfastened coupling is most popular due to the next causes:-

  1. It will increase the maintainability of code
  2. It offers reusability of code

59. Identify the operators that can’t be overloaded

All of the operators besides the + operator can’t be overloaded.

60. What’s Cohesion in OOP?

The modules having well-defined and particular performance are referred to as cohesion.


It improves the maintainability and reusability of code.

 61. What are the degrees of information abstraction?

Highlighting the set of providers by hiding inside implementation particulars is known as abstraction.

By utilizing summary Class and interface, we will implement abstraction

62. What are the varieties of variables in OOP?

Variables are fundamental items to retailer knowledge in RAM for Java applications.

Variables ought to be declared earlier than utilizing them in Java programming. Variable initialization will be static or dynamic. The syntax for variable declaration and static initialization is: –

Kinds of variables

  • Primitive Variables: It’s used to signify primitive values like int, float, and many others.
  • Reference Variables: It’s used to refer to things in Java.
  • Occasion Variables: Variables whose worth diversified from object to object are occasion variables. For each object, a separate copy of the occasion variable is created. Occasion variables are declared inside the Class and outdoors any methodology/block/constructor
  • Static variables: For static Variables, a single copy of the variable is created, and that replicate is shared between each Class object. The static variable is created throughout class loading and destroyed at class unloading.
  • Static variables will be accessed immediately from the static and occasion space. We aren’t required to carry out initialization explicitly for static variables, and JVM will present default values.
  • Native Variables: Variables declared inside a way or block or constructor are native variables. Therefore the scope of native variables is identical because the block’s scope wherein we declared that variable.

JVM doesn’t present default values, and earlier than utilizing that variable, the initialization ought to be carried out explicitly.

63. What do you perceive by Rubbish Assortment within the OOPs world?

Rubbish assortment is a reminiscence restoration method included in programming languages like C# and Java. A GC-enabled programming language accommodates a number of rubbish collectors that mechanically release reminiscence house allotted to things which can be not wanted by this system.

64. Is it potential to run a Java utility with out implementing the OOPs idea?

No, since Java programmes are based on the idea of object-oriented programming fashions, or OOPs, a Java utility can’t be applied with out it.

65. What’s the output of the beneath code?

class Particular person
personal String present()
return “It is a individual”;    
class Instructor extends Particular person
protected String present()
return “It is a trainer”;    
public class MathsTeacher extends Particular person
    @Override    public ultimate String present()
return “It is a Maths trainer”;    
public static void principal(String[] identify)
ultimate Particular person mt = new MathsTeacher();        
The output might be: It is a Maths trainer

66. Discover the output of the beneath code.

class Arithmetic
public ultimate double var = 5;
class DeepArith extends Arithmetic
public ultimate double var = 10;
public class AdvancedArith extends DeepArith
public ultimate double secret = 20;
public static void principal(String[] num)
Arithmetic arith = new AdvancedArith();        
The right output for this code is 5.

67. Predict the output of the next.

class Father or mother
public void show()
System.out.println(“Father or mother”);
class Youngster extends Father or mother
{ personal void show()
{ System.out.println(“Youngster”);
public class principal
public static void principal(String args[])
Father or mother node = new Youngster(); node.present();
Working this code will generate a compile error as a sub-class operate overriding an excellent class operate can't be given extra restrictive entry.

Try OOPs in Java Video

Continuously Requested OOPs Interview Questions

Q: What are the 4 fundamentals of OOP? 

A: OOP stands for Object-Oriented Programming, and its 4 fundamental ideas are Encapsulation, Abstraction, Polymorphism, and Inheritance. OOP permits programmers to contemplate software program growth as if they’re working with precise entities. In OOP, some objects have a discipline the place knowledge/data will be saved and may do a number of strategies.

Q: What’s the object-oriented programming interview? 

A: Object-Oriented Programming, additionally normally referred to as OOPS, is a sort of programming that’s extra object-based and never simply primarily based on features or procedures. Particular person objects are collected into a number of courses. Actual-world entities equivalent to inheritance, polymorphism, and hiding are applied by OOPS into programming. It additionally permits binding knowledge in addition to code collectively.

Q: What are the three ideas of OOP? 

A: The three principal ideas of Object-Oriented Programming are Encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.

Q: What’s the idea of OOPS?

A: OOPS or Object-Oriented Programming System is a programming idea that primarily works primarily based on Encapsulation, Abstraction, Polymorphism, and Inheritance. The standard idea of OOPs is to create objects, use them once more all by way of this system, and at last manipulate these objects to fetch our outcomes.

Q: Why is OOPS used? 

A: The primary purpose of an Object-Oriented Programming System is to implement real-world entities equivalent to polymorphism, inheritance, hiding, and lots of extra in programming. The purpose lies in binding collectively the information in addition to features that work on them in order that different components of the code can not entry the information aside from that operate.

Q: What’s polymorphism in OOPS? 

A: Polymorphism in an Object-Oriented Programming System is a function of object-based programming languages that allow a selected routine to make use of variables of a number of varieties at totally different occasions. It can be referred to as the flexibility of a programming language to current the identical interface for various major knowledge varieties.

Q: Who’s the daddy of OOPS? 

A: The daddy of the Object-Oriented Programming System is taken into account to be Alan Kay by some folks. He recognized some traits as fundamentals to OOP Kay 1993:1. He coined OOPs round 1966 or 1967 when he was at grad college.

Q: What are the principle options of OOPS? 

A: A number of the principal options in OOPS embody Lessons, Objects, Information Abstraction, Encapsulation, Inheritance, and Polymorphism. OOP is a programming paradigm that’s primarily based on the thought of objects.

Q: What are some great benefits of OOPS?

A: Since OOP is among the principal growth approaches which is definitely accepted, the benefits are many. A number of the benefits of OOPS embody Reusability, Information Redundancy, Code Upkeep, Safety, Design Advantages, Straightforward Troubleshooting, Higher Productiveness, Polymorphism Flexibility, and Drawback-solving.

In case you want to study extra about such ideas, you possibly can be part of a Software program Engineering programs that may assist you upskill.



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